E-waste is a big problem in India and the country is the fourth largest electronic waste producer in the world, with over 2 million metric tonnes of digital junk generated each year. To fight the situation, India had implemented e-waste (Management and Handling) Rules in 2011. Another amendment was made to these e-waste rules in 2016 based on the concept of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). In the rules, EPR is defined as “responsibility of any producer of electrical or electronic equipment, for channelisation of e-waste to ensure environmentally sound management of such waste.” The concept essentially propagates adding the environmental costs of electronics to their market price. This way, the producer of the electronic item is responsible for its entire lifecycle and end-of-life disposal. Once these rules were implemented, companies were made responsible for creating channels for proper collection and disposal of e-waste in accordance with a Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) approved EPR Authorisation plan.
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